Tuesday, 20 September 2016

Small Cell Lung Cancer Treatment

Small Cell Lung Cancer Treatment
The management of approximately 30% of patients with small cell lung cancer involves combination platinum-based chemotherapy and thoracic radiation therapy. In people with extensive-stage cancer, chemotherapy and/or radiation is used primarily to relieve symptoms. Depending on the stage of the cancer and other factors, the main treatment options for people with SCLC include:·         ChemotherapyChemotherapy means to the use of drugs to either kill cancer cells or stop their growth. It is main way to treat small cell lung cancer. Chemotherapy works by interfering with the ability of rapidly growing cells to divide or reproduce. SCLC has usually already spread by the time it is found, meaning that other treatments such as surgery or radiation therapy would not reach all areas of cancer. Chemo is often given along with radiation therapy. This is known as chemoradiation. For people with extensive stage SCLC, chemo alone is usually the main treatment. A number of chemotherapy treatments are active against small cell lung cancer, and many new drugs are being tested in clinical trials. Patients with small cell lung cancer may be treated with a single chemotherapy drug, although it is more common to use a combination of two chemotherapy drugs given together. ·        

Radiation therapyRadiation therapy involves the use of high-energy x-rays focused on the specific sites of disease to kill cancer cells, they are delivered from a machine that is outside of the patient’s body, and individual treatments are brief and not painful.Radiation therapy might be used in limited stage SCLC, and can be given at the same time as chemotherapy to treat the tumor and lymph nodes in the chest. Radiation can also be given after the chemotherapy treatment is finished. Radiation can also be used to shrink tumors to relieve symptoms of lung cancer such as pain, bleeding, trouble swallowing, cough, shortness of breath, and problems caused by spread to other organs such as the brain. ·         Surgery  is rarely used as part of the main treatment for small cell lung cancer (SCLC). 

Surgery is a choice if the cancer is found as only a single lung tumor, with no spread to other organs or lymph nodes.
Palliative treatments can also be used to help with symptoms.Sometimes, more than one of type of treatment is used. In case of small cells lung cancer, patients get chemotherapy if they are healthy enough. Radiation therapy and rarely surgery may be options as well.
 

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