What is cancer
Cancer is a class of diseases in which cells grow and divide uncontrollably. There are more than 200 different types of cancer. Each type is classified by the type of cell that is initially affected. Cancer can start in the lungs, the breast, the colon, or even in the blood.
Getting regular screening tests for colon cancer
is the single best way for protection from the colorectal cancer. Although
there is no sure way to prevent colorectal cancer, but there are things we can
do that might help decrease the risk such as avoiding risk factors and increasing protective
factors. Screening is
recommended starting at age 50 for people who are not at increased risk of
colorectal cancer. There are several different screening options available.
People at higher risk, such as those with a strong family history of colorectal
cancer, might start screening at a younger age. In the previous article, we
mentioned that the following risk factors increase the risk of
Family history of colorectal
We have to state that these following
protective factors decrease the risk of colorectal cancer:
Avoiding cancerrisk factors may help prevent certain
cancers. Risk factors include smoking, being overweight, and not
getting enough exercise. Increasing protective factors such as
quitting smoking and exercising may also help prevent some cancers.
obesity and weight gain.
vegetables and fruits.
o Increase the intensity and amount of your
recommended levels of calcium and vitamin D (see below).
studies suggest that taking a daily multi-vitamin containing folic acid, or
folate, may lower colorectal cancer risk, but not all studies have found this. Also,
some studies have suggested that vitamin D, which you can get from sun
exposure, in certain foods, or in a vitamin pill, might lower colorectal cancer
risk. Because of concerns that excess sun exposure can cause skin cancer, most
experts do not recommend this as a way to lower colorectal cancer risk at this
time. Other studies suggest that increasing calcium intake may lower colorectal
cancer risk. Calcium is important for a number of health reasons aside from
possible effects on cancer risk. Calcium and vitamin D might work together to
reduce colorectal cancer risk, as vitamin D aids in the body’s absorption of
calcium. A few studies have found a
possible link between a diet that is high in magnesium and reduced colorectal
cancer risk, especially among women.