Monday, 21 November 2016

Thyroid cancer symptoms and treatment

Thyroid cancer symptoms and treatment
Experts don't know what causes thyroid cancer. Like other cancers, changes in the DNA of the cells seem to play a role. These DNA changes may include changes that are inherited as well as those that happen as you get older
Thyroid carcinoma most commonly manifests as a painless, palpable, solitary thyroid nodule. Patients or clinicians discover most of these nodules during routine palpation of the neck.
Some thyroid cancer signs and symptoms include a hoarse voice, neck pain, and enlarged lymph nodes. Although as much as 75% of the population will have thyroid nodules, the vast majority are benign. Young people usually don't have thyroid nodules, but as people age, they're more likely to develop a nodule. By the time we are 80, 90% of us will have at least one nodule.
Signs and symptoms associated with malignancy in thyroid nodules include the following:
  • A lump or swelling in your neck. This is the most common symptom.
  • Pain in your neck and sometimes in your ears.
  • Difficulty swallowing.
  • Difficulty breathing or constant wheezing.
  • Hoarseness that is not related to a cold.
  • cough that continues and is not related to a cold.
Depending on the type and stage of your thyroid cancer, you may need more than one type of treatment. Doctors on your cancer treatment team may include:
§  A surgeon: a doctor who uses surgery to treat cancers or other problems
§  An endocrinologist: a doctor who treats diseases in glands that secrete hormones
§  A radiation oncologist: a doctor who uses radiation to treat cancer
§  A medical oncologist: a doctor who uses chemotherapy and other medicines to treat cancer
Many other specialists may be involved in your care as well, including nurse practitioners, nurses, psychologists, social workers, rehabilitation specialists, and other health professionals.
After thyroid cancer is found and staged, your cancer care team will discuss your treatment options with you. It is important to take the time to consider each of your options. In choosing a treatment plan, factors to consider include the type and stage of the cancer and your general health. The treatment options for thyroid cancer might include:
§  Surgery
§  Radioactive iodine treatment
§  Thyroid hormone therapy
§  External beam radiation therapy
§  Chemotherapy
§  Targeted therapy

Often 2 or more of these options are combined.
Most thyroid cancers can be cured, especially if they have not spread to distant parts of the body.

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