Wednesday, 1 March 2017

Treatment of lymphoma

Treatment of lymphoma
Biologic Therapy
This treatment increases the body's natural ability to fight cancer. It does this by giving a boost to the immune system. The types of biologic therapy:
  • Monoclonal Antibodies: These are drugs like Rituxan®, which directly target lymphoma cells and do not harm normal cells.
  • Radioimmuno therapy: These are therapies like Rituxan®, which have a radioisotope attached to them.
  • Interleukin 2: This is a medicine that activates the immune system so that it can kill cancer cells.
  • Vaccines: These are treatments that help the body protect itself against the lymphoma.
Chemotherapy
This treatment uses drugs to kill cancer cells and reduce the size of cancer tumors. There are many types of chemotherapy drugs. Many drugs are often used together for chemotherapy.
Radiation Therapy
This treatment uses radiation (high energy x-rays) to kill cancer cells.The treatment often only takes place in the part of your body where the lymphoma is located.
Transplants
Sometimes high doses of chemotherapy destroy the lymphoma cells and your bone marrow, which is the "factory" for blood cells. To help the bone marrow make new healthy blood cells, some stem cells (immature cells that will grow up into red blood cells, white blood cells, and platelets) may be taken with a special machine before chemotherapy is given.
These cells are then transplanted into the body. These transplanted cells will then find their way to the bone marrow and restore it, so that it can build healthy new blood cells.
There are two types of transplants:
1) Autologous transplants which uses your own bone marrow or stem cells.
2) Allogeneic transplants which uses bone marrow or stem cells from a donor.
Watchful Waiting
This means that the patient does not have to get any active treatment now. But, he may need to get treatments later.
Clinical Trials
These are research studies that help doctors learn more about lymphoma treatment. They can also help people with cancer, because it allows them to receive the treatment. Often, clinical trials are the only way patients can receive new treatments, which are not otherwise available.
Clinical trials can help doctors learn about many ways to help their patients like:
  • New types of treatments.
  • Ways to prevent cancer.
While clinical trials can provide many benefits, they can also be harmful for some patients. The patient should speak with his doctor, nurse, or health care team about clinical trials.